Nike Mercurial Vapor XII Academy FG/MG - Mens Boots - Firm Ground - Team Red/Metallic Dark Grey/Bright Crimson,Philipp Plein studded cross-panel sneakers,Robert Clergerie Robert Clergerie x Self-Portrait Karlit ankle boots,3.1 Phillip Lim kitten heel ankle boots,L'Autre Chose platform pumpsTamaris DREY (Black) - Ankle boots chez (341736),DANSI 8728 BOTÍN PLANO DE MUJER,MARTINELLI 1271a835w-martinelli ZAPATO DE SALÓN PARA MUJERThe North Face Chilkat SE Boot - WomenTommy Hilfiger Tommy Hilfiger TOMMY HILFIGER FM0FM01760403 212 Calf Suede - Blue,Tommy Hilfiger Tommy Hilfiger TOMMY HILFIGER FM0FM01708903 903 Calf Suede - Blue,Paul Andrew pointed toe boots,Mansur Gavriel Mansur Gavriel low heel ankle boots - Black,Gianvito Rossi Gianvito Rossi Vamp high-heel pumps - Red,Marco Tozzi 2-2-22417-20 447 (Grey) - High heels chez (343389),PITILLOS 1351 SHOES FOR WOMENAVISPAS Pit Sam WEDGE-HEEL ESPADRILLES FOR WOMEN,Matiko Zuma Vinyl Slingback PumpsAmi Alexandre Mattiussi Ami Alexandre Mattiussi Zipped Boots With Crepe Sole - Nude & Neutrals,Diadora Rebound Ace runner sneakers,Toga Pulla buckle detail ankle boots,Stuart Weitzman 30Mm Lexy Nappa Leather Combat Boots,Manolo Blahnik Pink Fiboslac crystal 85 Satin SlingbacksMustang shoes Joan (Brown) - Ankle boots chez (345040)SKECHERS 13046-bkw HIGH-TOP TRAINERS FOR WOMEN,CALIFERS Ja5515p69-marino Mujer Piel Ja5515p69-marino FASHION SANDALS FOR WOMEN,Tommy Hilfiger TH BUCKLE LEATHER BOOTIE BlackDolce & Gabbana classic driving shoesMaison Margiela touch strap sneaker,Dr. Martens Dr. Martens Smooth boots - Black,

Elizabeth Stuart LANA heels 300 (Black) - High heels LANA chez (339863) d3c331

BepiColombo marks 3rd mission to solar system's smallest planet

By Emilee Speck - Digital journalist

Hi Mercury, it’s been a while. Almost four years after the last mission to the planet closest to the sun –intentionally-- crashed into the planet’s surface, Europe and Japan are preparing to launch BepiColombo, a two-part spacecraft to orbit Mercury.

NASA’s Mariner 10 spacecraft was the first to flyby and capture close images of Mercury in 1974. More than 30 years later, NASA launched Messenger, the first spacecraft to successfully orbit and map Mercury’s surface. That mission ended in 2015.

More News Headlines

BepiColombo is a joint mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Space Exploration Agency, known as JAXA. The spacecraft is slated to launch Oct. 19 at 9:45 p.m. ET from the French Guiana on the European workhorse rocket Ariane 5. Watch the launch live here.

The spacecraft actually has two orbiters, one from each space agency. ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter has instruments designed to study the planet’s interior, composition and magnetic field. JAXA’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, nicknamed Mio, will study the planet’s magnetic field and Mercury’s atmosphere.

Mio means waterway or fairway in Japanese and is a fitting name for the spacecraft.

"Markers called mio-tsukushi were posted to guide boats sailing at rivers and sea," according to the JAXA website. "In traditional Japanese poetry, mio-tsukushi interchangeably means working hard without giving up. This describes the diligent and tenacious spirit of the MMO project team who never ceases to challenge."

After launch, the combo spacecraft will first make flybys for Earth, Venus and the sun as it picks up speed before making the first flyby of Mercury in 2021.

What challenges will BepiColombo face?

Mercury is the fastest planet in our solar system; it whips around the sun every 88 days. Compared to Earth’s 365-day orbit, that’s very fast. However, one day on Mercury takes 59 Earth days because of its slow rotation.

Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, but not the hottest. Because of its its proximity to the sun, it's difficult to observe with ground telescopes and hard to reach via spacecraft.

To reach its destination the spacecraft will use a trajectory theory created by the Italian astrophysicist BeiColombo is named after. Dr. Giuseppe "Bepi" Colombo suggested a mission could reach Mercury by using a gravity-assist swing-by of Venus. The spacecraft will make several of these flybys.

To insure BepiColombo is ready for the seven-year voyage, it's equipped with a solar-electric propulsion system. It will be protected from the sun by a shield-like structure called known as MOSIF.

Will the mission find life?
It’s unlikely. No evidence has been found to indicate any life yet on the small planet. According to NASA, it’s not a great life-supporting candidate. The daytime temperatures can reach 800 degrees and then drop to negative 290 degrees at night.

Also, the atmosphere is very thin. Any atoms on Mercury’s surface don’t stand a chance against solar wind.

Copyright 2018 by WKMG ClickOrlando - All rights reserved.

Olukai Ohana Sandal - Women,